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Yankee Jim's (No. 398 California Historical Landmark)

Historic Site or District
Yankee Jim's Indian Creek Trail –

California Historical Landmarks Program

Historical Landmarks are sites, buildings, features, or events that are of statewide significance and have anthropological, cultural, military, political, architectural, economic, scientific or technical, religious, experimental, or other value. Historical Landmarks are eligible for registration if they meet at least one of the following criteria:

1) Is the first, last, only, or most significant of its type in the state or within a large geographic region

2) Is associated with an individual or group having a profound influence on the history of California

3) Is a prototype of, or an outstanding example of, a period, style, architectural movement or construction or is one of the more notable works or the best surviving work in a region of a pioneer architect, designer or master builder.

California’s Landmark Program began in the late 1800s with the formation of the Landmarks Club and the California Historical Landmarks League. In 1931, the program became official when legislation charged the Department of Natural Resources—and later the California State Chamber of Commerce—with registering and marking buildings of historical interest or landmarks. The Chamber of Commerce then created a committee of prestigious historians, including DeWitt Hutchings and Lawrence Hill, to evaluate potential landmark sites.

In 1948, Governor Earl Warren created the California Historical Landmarks Advisory Committee to increase the integrity and credibility of the program. Finally, this committee was changed to the California Historical Resources Commission in 1974. Information about registered landmarks numbered 770 onward is kept in the California Register of Historical Resources authoritative guide. Landmarks numbered 669 and below were registered prior to establishing specific standards, and may be added to the California Register when criteria for evaluating the properties are adopted.

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Scattered remnants of Yankee Jim’s past when it was one of the largest mining centers in Placer County during the 1850s, now lie about three miles northwest of Forest Hill. A town with as many as 5,000 people was the site of California’s first hydraulic mining operation and the rich Jenny Lind Canyon mine. A few old homes remain standing. The old cemetery still exists, now located on private property. Visitors who scan the hills can look for remnants of long forgotten fruit orchards.

In 1850 a character that went by the name of “Yankee Jim,” called himself a miner and discovered gold in the place that later took his name. According to historical records, Yankee Jim was, in reality, a bandit with a special interest in stealing horses. He built a corral for his stolen horses and placed it on top of the richest mine in the vicinity. He tried to keep his find a secret to no avail. People rushed into the Forest Hill area to work the rich mines. (California Historical Landmark No. 399). After miners discovered his thievery, Yankee Jim Robinson barely escaped lynching. He left Placer County and traveled to Southern California where he was recognized and hanged for his crimes.

The town of Yankee Jim was thought to be the site of the first ditch ever cut in the state to transport water from a canon to wash the gold. Colonel McClure introduced hydraulic mining to Placer County in 1851, using the ditch already built. McClure also established the eastern county’s first orchard in 1852. The town then became recognized as a source for its high quality fruit.

Would the gold buried in Jenny Lind Canyon been found had it not been for severe winter storms of 1852 and 1853 that caused a huge landslide? The slide at the head of Jenny Lind Canyon exposed an abundance of gold. The Jenny Lind mine alone yielded $2,000 to $2,500 in gold every day. Its total output by 1880 was $1.1 million. Total output of all mines in the Forest Hill area was $10 million by 1868, when gold sold for $16 an ounce.

The prominence of the town of Yankee Jim has declined since the raucous days of the Gold Rush. Population moved to larger communities nearby. The town post office operated from 1852 until 1940. Placer County hills may have been completely decimated if the hydraulic mining operations of the day were not outlawed in 1882. Today active mines are still being worked as the memories of the wild days of the Gold Rush linger on.

The historical marker is located on the southeast corner of Colfax, Foresthill and Springs Garden Roads, 3 miles northeast of Forest Hill.

Placer County

Within its borders picturesque farm land and Gold-Rush era towns dot the oak-covered foothills. Craggy peaks, forests, tumbling rivers and clear alpine lakes create the natural beauty of the High Country. Outdoor enthusiasts thrill at Placer County’s abundance of year-round recreational activities, while others marvel at the array of galleries, theater, musical and festival events. Shoppers love the large selection of boutiques, specialty shops and farmers markets.

Time Period Represented

1850s to 1860s

Nearby Places