Alpine County Courthouse (No. P761 California Historical Point of Interest)
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California Points of Historical Interest
California Points of Historical Interest are sites, buildings, features, or events that are of local (city or county) significance and have anthropological, cultural, military, political, architectural, economic, scientific or technical, religious, experimental, or other value.
Points of Historical Interest designated after 1997 are recommended by the State Historical Resources Commission, and are also listed on the California Register.
Historical resources that are designated as Points of Historical Interest are not designated as Landmarks. Points of Interest are of local significance, while Landmarks are of statewide significance. Points that are granted Landmark status are retired from their Points of Interest designation.
To be designated as a Point of Historical Interest, a resource must meet at least one of the following criteria:
1) Is the first, last, only, or most significant of its type within the local geographic region (City or County)
2) Is associated with an individual or group having a profound influence on the history of the local area
3) A prototype of, or an outstanding example of, a period, style, architectural movement, or construction or is one of the more notable works or the best surviving work in the local region of a pioneer architect, designer, or master builder.
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This historic building in scenic Markleeville was constructed in 1928. It was originally planned to be two stories, however to cut costs it was built to have just one story. On September 30, 2004, this building was added to the National Register of Historical Places.
The building was designed by Frederic Joseph DeLongchamps, a famous architect who became the Nevada State Architect in 1919 and designed many buildings in California and Nevada. Delongchamps also designed the new Webster Schoolhouse in 1929. The building's cream-colored stone is rhyolite tuff quarried from Silver City Mountain nearby.
The Alpine County Courthouse is the seat of Alpine County government, and housed the County Sheriff, the Superior and Justice Courts, and the offices of the County Recorder and Assessor. Today, the building is still in use as a courthouse and the Sheriff's office.
Markleeville is located high in the Sierras, and hiking and fishing opportunities are plentiful along the East Carson River and several nearby creeks. Grover Hot Springs State Park is just 4 miles of here. The town also hosts an annual bicycle ride, known as the Tour of the California Alps Death Ride. In the fall, Markleeville and the surrounding area is awash in fall colors, and is an excellent stop for an autumn scenic drive.
Established in 1861, the town of Markleeville has a rich local history. In addition to the Alpine County Courthouse, the Markleeville General Store, Alpine Hotel (now the location of the Cutthroat Bar and Grill), the Webster School, and the Alpine County Historical Complex are all in walking distance of the Courthouse. The remains of the Silver Mountain Jail is also in the area on Highway 4 near Ebbetts Pass, and Marklee's Cabin Site is also located nearby.
The Alpine County Courthouse is located in Markleeville at 1477 State Route 89, at the corner of Water Street and and State Route 89.
High in the Sierra along the Nevada border, Alpine County is sparsely populated, and is in fact the least populated county in California. Situated between Lake Tahoe and Yosemite National Park, Alpine County is a destination for outdoor enthusiasts looking to get away from the crowds. The Grover Hot Springs State Park is in Alpine County, and parts of the El Dorado National Forest, Stanislaus National Forest, and Toiyabe National Forest are within Alpine County. In 1844, John C. Freemont’s expedition, accompanied by Kit Carson, passed through the area and over today’s Carson Pass. The Overland Emigrant Trail passed through this county, and is marked today by yellow painted iron markers and plaques. Markleeville is the County seat.
Time Period Represented
Open year-round; the Alpine County Courthouse is still in use.